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Aeonium is a plant native to North Africa and belongs to the succulent family. This plant does not lose its freshness during the year, and it is also called an evergreen plant. In late spring, aeonium flowers in yellow, pink, orange, and red grow in the eye and create a beautiful effect for different people. Keeping Aeonium in the apartment is almost effortless, and this succulent is an ideal option for those new to cacti and succulents. Because it gives a unique beauty and charm to your collection of plants throughout the year, in the following, we will acquaint you more with the storage conditions of the Aeonium plant in the apartment.

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Botanical Name Aeonium spp
Common Name Aeonium
Plant Type Perennial succulent
Pet / Baby Safe not toxic to pet and baby
Sun Exposure Full sun to part shade
Bloom Time Late winter or spring
Soil Type Sandy loam
Soil Amendments text here
Types of Fertilizer text here
Flower Color Pink
Plant Height 2–60 inches
Native Area Canary Islands, Africa

Introduction to Aeonium plant

Aeonium is an evergreen miniature plant that can be an excellent option for keeping in the apartment. Because its storage conditions are much simpler than other succulents, it has mainly properties similar to cacti. Most species of this plant have short stems, in some of which this variety is not even seen. At the time of flowering of some aeoniums, the central part of the leaf becomes a long stem, and a flower is formed at the end of it, which doubles the beauty. There are currently 35 different species of Aeonium plants worldwide, and the best conditions for their growth are stored in the Mediterranean climate (neither too cold nor too hot). Therefore, it can be said that you will not have a hard time using them in your apartment.

How to irrigate Aeonium

This plant has properties similar to cacti and will need little watering throughout the year. During the week, you should check the soil moisture with your finger or use a toothpick in a scheduled manner, and only if the soil is completely dry, water the plant.
If one to two centimeters of soil has dried the pot’s surface, do full irrigation to get water out of the holes in the bottom of the pot.
For the next watering, allow the soil on the pot’s surface to dry again. If you overwater the plant or the plant-soil stays wet for a long time, it will cause diseases such as root rot.
Also, there is no need to worry if your plant leaves have gathered during the warm seasons because this happens naturally by the plant and helps maintain good moisture around the plant’s leaves.

Soil suitable for keeping Aeonium plant

Many Aeonium plant owners have always pointed out that the best soil for aeonium storage is a mixture of ordinary soil with clay mixed with cactus and succulent soil. This soil should pass water quickly and have good drainage. Because aeoniums store their water in their leaves and stems, they have a shallow root system, and if there is no proper hydration and the soil texture becomes heavy, the little water left at the bottom of the pot may cause it to wither in a few months.

Pots suitable for aeonium plant

In this case, it should be noted that as long as the soil is well-drained, earthenware pots can be more suitable for this plant than plastic or metal pots due to better soil ventilation. Also, the best time to change the pot of this plant is every two to three years. It is best to change the pot in the fall and at the beginning of the growing season and be sure to clean the old soil around the plant roots before moving to a new pot.

Light is needed to maintain the aeonium plant.

Aeonium grows better in places with direct sunlight as well as shade. Especially the species of aeoniums that have green leaves grow better in semi-shady areas (exposed to sunlight), and the varieties with a purple color prefer direct sunlight. Of course, it is better not to expose these plants to direct sunlight and scorching sun on hot summer days, especially in the afternoon. Because otherwise, you will see burns on the margins of the leaves of this plant. On the other hand, direct sunlight during the cold winter months or when the temperature is about 25 degrees or less can also help the plant grow better.

Suitable storage temperature of Aeonium plant

Aeoniums are accustomed to mild weather and do not like hot or dry weather. Growing them in humid shade causes them to grow in high heat, but their whole growing season is winter to spring, when the temperature is cold, 18 to 24 degrees Celsius, and humid.
Most aeonium species have good resistance to temperature changes and can, for example, withstand temperatures as low as -4 ° C. A feature that makes them an ideal plant to keep indoors.

Pruning aeonium plant

Aeonium species generally do not need pruning due to the small size of the plant and the slow growth of its leaves. This will only be required in cases where we see significant aeonium flowering. In this case, pruning can help strengthen your plant. Because after flowering, parts of the plant dry out, and you can stimulate the growth of new leaves of your plant by separating these parts.

Fertilization of Aeonium plant

In general, this plant does not need much fertilization, and you can strengthen them twice a year (in spring and summer) to have a beautiful, dense and colorful succulent. In this case, you can use iron fertilizer or special cactus fertilizers. Be suitable.

How to propagate Aeonium plant

Aeonium can be propagated in three ways. The following is a brief overview of how to do each of these methods:

1) Propagation by seeds

Spread the plant seeds on the culture medium and pour about 5 cm of soil on the seeds. Then try to keep the soil surface slightly moist until the seeds germinate. Seed germination in this method takes about 5 to 10 days.

2) Reproduction by foot welding

This method does not apply to all species. In some species of aeonium, we see the production of cuttings in the mother plant that can be propagated by separating them and planting them in independent pots.

3) Propagation by leaf cuttings

We generally use this method to propagate species without stems. Separate the leaves from the farthest part of the plant with a knife and then place them in a low light environment for a few days to close the callus and dry. You can also use rooting hormone to help the leaves take root. Dip one foot into warm paraffin three times, pausing between layers to allow them to dry. It is best to keep the culture medium moist until the cuttings take root. Eventually, we will see that the leaves take root quickly and produce a new plant.

Different species of aeonium plant

The onium plant currently contains about 35 species, most of which can be kept in the apartment, and is a popular plant because of its properties. Here are some of the most famous ones:

• Aeonium arboreum

This species has bright green leaves that are very small and delicate on the stem. Aeonium Arboreum has a shrub-like shape, and this factor has given it a special beauty. If properly maintained, you can see the growth of this plant up to 90 cm in the pot.

• Aeonium arboreum Atropurpureum

Due to the color of the leaves of this plant, it is also called a black rose or black tree, which grows as a shrub, and at the end of each branch, blackish-purple leaves are in the form of flowers. Atropurpureum arboreum flowers usually bloom in summer. The data form a shrub-like shape similar to tall clusters. This plant can grow up to 60 cm in the apartment environment.

• Aeonium arboreum Zwartkop

This species also has a shape similar to Atropurpureum arboreum, and its leaves are slightly darker in color. That is why it is also called black aeonium. Black aeonium is an evergreen plant with semi-circular leaves. This plant grows as a shrub and short shrub and does not require much care.

• Aeonium Garnet

Garnet aeonium combines Zwarkop and tabuliforme, whose leaves are close to dark red. This species has different growth conditions than other cases, and due to the beauty of its plate leaves, it is considered by many people.

• Davidbramwelli Sunburst Aeonium

This plant has a relatively small size, and its maximum height is 50 to 60 cm. The leaves of Davidbramwelli Sunburst are yellow, white, and green with a pink stripe around the edges.

• Aeonium haworthii Tricolor or Kiwi

This plant, also known as tricolor or kiwi, is another beautiful species of this family, whose flowers are pale yellow in early growth and turn red and green at maturity. This plant has 10 cm leaves that can grow 40 to 60 cm at home.

The most common diseases of the Aeonium plant

• Falling leaves

The root of this plant may be damaged. Check the stem. If it is discolored or loose, it is a root problem that you should check the irrigation method and soil conditions.

• Yellowing of the plant or discoloration of the plant

This problem is due to improper nutrition of the plant and a lack of nitrogen or phosphorus. You can use fertilizers containing nitrogen and phosphorus in this case.


Aeonium, with its beautiful appearance, is always one of the attractive options for use in homes and apartments. This species is mainly native to North Africa and is not considered a poisonous plant for pets and infants. Aeonium is used as a houseplant in many countries, and it is interesting to know that these flowers can grow in all seasons and are always green! You can breed and propagate them by understanding their maintenance systems, such as suitable ambient temperature, soil conditions, and suitable distances for irrigation. In this article, we wanted to give you a reasonably comprehensive overview of how to maintain Aeonium. If you have any questions or concerns about this issue, please contact us in the comments section.

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